Right option is (d) Starts with an initial approximation

For explanation I would say: The methods used for solving a system of linear equations are classified as: direct and iterative. Direct methods are those, which, in the absence of round-off and other errors, yield an exact solution in a finite number of elementary arithmetic operations. Indeed the errors arising from round-off and truncation may lead to extremely poor or even useless results. The fundamental method used for direct solutions is Gaussian elimination.