The correct option is (a) spur gearing
The explanation: The two parallel and co-planar shafts connected by the gears. These gears are called spur gears and the arrangement is known as spur gearing. These gears have teeth parallel to the axis of the wheel as shown in Fig. 12.1. Another name given to the spur gearing is helical gearing, in which the teeth are inclined to the axis.