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The process that results in conversion of environmental contaminants into less toxic substances with the help of microbiological processes is called as ______

(a) Bio-fortification

(b) Bio-remediation

(c) Bio-leaching

(d) Microbiology

This question was posed to me in semester exam.

This key question is from Introduction topic in section Issues and Scope of Environmental Biotechnology of Environmental Biotechnology

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Right option is (b) Bio-remediation

To elaborate: Bio remediation is a process that uses microbial processes and converts toxic substances into less toxic or usable forms, microbiology is the study of microorganisms, bio- fortification is a process to increase the nutritional quality of plant, and bio-leaching is the extraction of metals.

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